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Community Work in Daoyin Village, Yinggeling, Hainan

Daoyin is a very remote village in Yinggeling National Nature Reserve (YGL), in the central mountains of Hainan Island. To reach this beautiful village, after several hours in the car from the nearest big town it requires a further two-hour walk from the road, with several river crossings en route. 

The residents of Daoyin Village belong to the Li minority group. We find the villagers there to be kind and gentle people; they rely a lot on natural resources and live more sustainably than most of us. Before, they relied on very small micro-hydropower (1-2 kV) machines they installed by the river beside their village. In recent years the Government built them several solar powered generators. They were also the first village in Yinggeling to set up a Fish Sanctuary (fish no-catch zone). There are now, 11 Fish Sanctuaries established in rivers around the Reserve. Villagers could observe more and bigger fishes now. Since fish poisoning had almost been stopped as a result of the fish sanctuary rules, villagers now feel safer about their drinking water and their livestock.


Building with Rammed Earth at Daoyin Village

Traditionally, the houses in Daoyin Village were built with mud mixed with grasses. The sructures are not durable and villagers had long dreamt of having a brick factory in their village. Kadoorie Conservation China Department (KCC) introduced earth ramming technique from India in 2010 to Daoyin Village and built the Daoyin community centre with village members, using 5% cement stabilised rammed earth. The design preserves the traditional architectural style of the Li minority. The strong, waterproof walls require only 1/8 the energy consumption of fired bricks. The villagers also learned how to make unfired stabilised earth bricks using the Auram Press designed by India’s Auroville Earth Institute, that serves as UNESCO Centre for earth building.


Read more:

1. Freshwater Ecosystem Conservation in Hainan