Tongbiguan, Yunnan Province

Tongbiguan Provincial Nature Reserve (TBG) sits in the southwestern corner of Yunnan Province, it lies at the crossroad of the Palearctic and Indo-Malayan Realms, supporting a rich and unique biodiversity. The largest patch of dipterocarp rainforest in China is found in TBG, and species such as Bengal Monitor (Varanus bengalensis), Staghorn Fern (Platycerium wallichii) and Wreathed Hornbill (Rhyticeros undulatus) are found nowhere else in China. TBG is also the only site in China where breeding of the Wreathed and Great Hornbills (Buceros bicornis) and Great Slaty Woodpecker (Mulleripicus pulverulentus) is currently confirmed.


Staghorn Fern  (Platycerium wallichii)     

Grey Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron bicalcaratum)  ©Hong Kong Bird Watching Society 

Phayre’s Langur  (Trachypithecus phayrei)

Black Giant Squirrel (Ratufa bicolor)


The ethnic minority groups of Jingpo, Achang and De’ang have been living in the area for centuries and they rely heavily on forest resources, posing huge pressures to the Reserve and surrounding forest. The once verdant rainforests across the river in Myanmar have experienced severe deforestation, and the ecosystem of the whole region is being degraded. 

Kadoorie Conservation China Department (KCC) has been actively collaborating with TBG in a hope to better protect its unique biodiversity. In search of a sustainable conservation initiative, KCC has also been promoting community protected areas in the adjacent Nabang, Tongbiguan and Taiping towns by developing land trust, ecotourism and sustainable agroforestry programmes with local communities.


Read more:

1. KFBG researchers described FOUR new amphibian species of the World from Yunnan, China

2. In search of a sustainable conservation initiative in western Yunnan

3. Hornbills of China