Scientific name: Bos gaurus
IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
CITES: Appendix I
State Key Protected Animal List of China: Class I
The Gaur, a wild cattle native to tropical forests of South-east Asia and the Indian subcontinent, is not like the domestic cattle that gives you your steak and dairy products, or the water buffaloes that plows rice paddies. The Gaur is the world’s tallest wild cattle, with adult bulls standing up to 2.2 m at shoulder height and can weigh as much as one ton.
The Gaur is threatened throughout its range due to poaching and forest loss. In China, they are found only in southern Yunnan and southern Tibet, and the Yunnan population is estimated at around 200 individuals.
Our conservation work
In 2019, the Kadoorie Conservation China Department (KCC) together with the Yunnan Green Environment Development Foundation and Forestry Department at Menghai County of Xishuangbanna launched a project in a Menghai community forest to safeguard one of the last Gaur populations of the country.